storage spaces parity performance

https://tecfused.com/2020/05/2019-storage-spaces-write-performance-guide/. I start to copy over my media, but I am only getting 10MB/s transfer rate. Some customers didn’t want to adopt S2D because the capacity required by the resiliency was to important (especially with 3-way Mirroring, where 66% of the raw capa… The storage efficiency on the pool is 80%. The 15GB file transferred in less than a minute. While probably true at one time, much like the jumbo frame myth, it’s no longer true anymore. Why is the TV show "Tehran" filmed in Athens? So with 8 columns and 1 parity disk, you have 7 actual data disks to spread your cluster across evenly. I run storage spaces with dual parity, 12x 2tb 7.2k rpm sas drives on a LSI 9285 and I can easily do 350MB/s reading using crystaldiskmark from a vm on the H-V host. Then with powershell I made a the virtual disk with 32kb interleave, 3 columns. First I made a storage pool of just 5 disks. Is this still true? So nested mirror-accelerated parity require more CPU than two-way mirroring. Parity RAID Performance Intel Rapid Storage vs Windows Storage Spaces - the comment by leadeater about SSD journal mode speeding up performance was what led me to looking at Storage Spaces in the first place. Do I have to incur finance charges on my credit card to help my credit rating? Read speed is maxed out on a gbit connection (113 MBytes/s). It can mirror data across multiple drives for redundancy, or combine multiple physical drives into a single pool of storage. For reference, I have a storage pool consisting of 16 identical 2TB drives. Anyways, the smallest interleave is 16k, but that happens to be a multiple of 4k, so each 16k stripe writes 2 4k clusters per data disk (and 2 4k clusters on the parity disk of course). I originally created a parity volume, as I assumed this would be quite similar to RAID 6. Write speed would be probably better with faster disks, but it's still more or less fine with these 7+ year old relics. First I created a virtual disk with parity and 8 columns, but left the interleave at default: Formatted it NTFS with 4k cluster size. The write performance you achieve is absolutely normal for your configuration. Well, I initially got excited about this and performed some tests. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. (If you use the Storage Spaces Control Panel UI to create the space, it will typically have an interleave size of 256KB and an NTFS cluster size of 4KB, which doesn't guarantee that all writes will be aligned to data stripe boundaries). So, I set everything up using the storage spaces GUI. The Storage Spaces feature built into Windows allows you to combine multiple hard drives into a single virtual drive. This is a sub that aims at bringing data hoarders together to share their passion with like minded people. The improvement comes from being able to bypass the parity space write cache for full stripe writes. Parity does, however, allow users to store their data with greater space efficiency. I also have to mention that LSI Support is one of the worst I’ve ever had to deal with. That and it has been well documented that write performance (roughly 30 … But I then went into “Device Manager” → “Disk Drives” → “Policies” and made sure all disks only had "enable write caching on the device" Awesome, I'm glad that worked out :) As someone on windows, it's nice to see parity finally make some strides. Here are the results. I also used the -ispowerprotected $true switch after creation. Storage Spaces ReFS-Parity Windows 10 Currently using Storage Spaces in my Windows 8.1 Media Center for media streaming and noticed when I set it up that for Parity I had to use NTFS vs ReFS. ok, so I've been trying for a couple days now to do a RAID 5 setup of 4x8tb for a media server. If you've done it right, you can use performance monitor and in the "Storage Spaces Write Cache" category, look at the "Write Bypass %" for your drive/volume. Users can try it. I stumbled on this thread and accompanying link working with the interleave. I’ve written a lot about Storage Spaces and slow performance. I'm wondering what my options are for speeding up the write speed to my storage spaces that's using parity. What would happen if undocumented immigrants vote in the United States? Well over 300MB/s sustained writes. For best results, you will need to create a new storage space with specific interleave size. https://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/windowsserver/en-US/64aff15f-2e34-40c6-a873-2e0da5a355d2/parity-storage-space-so-slow-that-its-unusable?forum=winserver8gen, Parity Storage Space so slow that it's unusable, Tips to stay focused and finish your hobby project, Podcast 292: Goodbye to Flash, we’ll see you in Rust, MAINTENANCE WARNING: Possible downtime early morning Dec 2, 4, and 9 UTC…, Storage Spaces - Parity vs Mirrored or Single with Robocopy, Windows 10 Storage Spaces - Can't Access Drives. But my sequential read performance tanked. I tried Set-StoragePool -FriendlyName -IsPowerProtected $True initially without success. Inveniturne participium futuri activi in ablativo absoluto? These broadly fall into two categories: 'mirroring' and 'parity', the latter sometimes called 'erasure coding'. I actually get faster here and there. I tried to transfer my 64GB file from my SATAIII SSD to the virtual disk but the transfer was capped at 240MB/s the whole time (total transfer time: about 3 minutes) due to the SSD is not being fast enough. Speed should be roughly double that of a single drive. Verify that copying large files to this volume is fast. More posts from the DataHoarder community. It all has to do with setting the interleave size for the virtual disk and the cluster size (allocation unit) when you format the volume. Depending on the size of your working set and the drift of that working set, you can improve your performance dramatically by using SSDs as only 20% or even less of your volume's capacity, which we hope offers a cost-conscious way to improve performance for parity. This morning, I wake up, go check my progress and it is chugging along at 5-10MB/s. For parity performance in general, we are focusing our efforts on improving the performance of mirror-accelerated parity rather than parity alone. As for the VD parameters, Storage Spaces always allocated 1GB of WBC and column sizes went like this: RAID5: 8 (same as with 12 HDDs) RAID6: 17 (vs. 12) RAID10: 8 (vs. 6) Now let’s get to the numbers. Mind you this is on a 3 disk parity storage space. K Mirror and parity resiliency schemes have fundamentally different storage and performance characteristics: 1. Not bad, very respectable. That isn't going to work. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. And to add to what the article states, I found that the math works the 'other' way. An obvious way to improve writes is to add a cache, so I did just that. I don't know what to think. Parity spaces are an excellent choice for workloads that are … If you have 16 disks and want a single parity disk, I believe your number of columns would be 16, and your interleave would be 64kB / 15. They are fantastic. My CPU usage reached 95% that limit performance (but the latency is content to 6ms in average). You can find some of my articles here: Storage Spaces White Paper – Fujitsu; Storage Spaces and Parity – Slow write speeds; We’ve done a lot of work on Storage Spaces recently to try and find out why our new parity array on server 2019 was slow. With typical consumer SATA hard disks, if your source is sufficiently fast (e.g. Here are the benchmarks.Significantly better read performance from earlier, and much better writes, but they're still terrible. Consider adding SSD drives as WB Cache or switching your Spaces to tiered configuration. I have been plagued with non-stop trouble. I've read that you can tell the storage space it's connected to a battery backup (the computer is plugged into a UPS) or use an SSD cache array, but I don't know the pros and cons here, nor the PowerShell commands to do so. rev 2020.12.3.38123, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Super User works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. I then checked the second box "turn off Window write-cache buffer flushing on the device". Not many suprises here, RAID10 blows away the parity variants. technically virtual drives that appear in File Explorer as normal local storage Plan #2 I started to use storage spaces with parity. If I ever upgrade to 10-Gigabit Ethernet, I’d definitely need a faster solution than a Parity Storage Space (such as FreeNAS/ZFS or something that at least doesn’t decrease write speeds compared to a single drive (like Unraid), but for most home users who need a cost-effective, high-capacity storage array for bulk storage (NAS, backup server, shared files, surveillance applications, etc), a Parity … The with disk manager I formatted the virtual disk with NTFS 64kb cluster size. I'm using my drive for games and windows 10 game pass games frequently require your drive to formatted ntfs 4k. This should allow writes to align nicely along the stripe boundaries, as mentioned. The Counter set name is "Storage Spaces Write Cache". Windows just saw four disks. https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/askpfeplat/2013/10/20/storage-spaces-how-to-configure-storage-tiers-with-windows-server-2012-r2/, https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/hardware/dn567634(v=vs.85).aspx. So I guess I can corroborate that the article is correct, and parity storage spaces does provide great write performance provided these very specific conditions: You must use exactly only 3 or 5 disks in the pool. It only takes a minute to sign up. Format-Volume said "the specified file system is not supported." Updated Post 2019 I’ve recently been playing around with Windows Storage Spaces on Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2. So I was ready to start tearing my hair out because I could not replicate the results in this article. Cool. Parity spaces are an excellent choice for workloads that are almost exclusively read-based, highly sequential, and require resiliency, or workloads that write data in large sequential append blocks (such as bulk backups). You can't do it through the UI at all, you have to use powershell, which was fine by me. As the article states, this works because microsoft updated parity performance to bypass the parity space write cache for full stripe writes. So I set to move my 4TB worth of media over during the night. In fact, I can't test the upper limit of my 5 column parity space because my SSD read speeds are too slow. internal SSD), you should be able to hit 200MB/sec for copying large files. Expanding a FreeNAS/ZFS pool by migrating to Storage Spaces Parity, Storage Spaces 'offline due to critical write failures; add drives'. So I guess I can corroborate that the article is correct, and parity storage spaces does provide great write performance provided these very specific conditions: You must use exactly only 3 or 5 disks in the pool. Re-posting the information that I posted on technet: Then I ran a CrystalDiskMark benchmark to see the write performance and...it is absolutely abismal! https://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/windowsserver/en-US/64aff15f-2e34-40c6-a873-2e0da5a355d2/parity-storage-space-so-slow-that-its-unusable?forum=winserver8gen. You have the option … Continue reading Storage Spaces and Parity – Slow write speeds 3×1TB Samsung 103UJ/SJ disks in Parity mode plugged to the mainboard (Asrock H55M USB3). How can I deal with a professor with an all-or-nothing thinking habit? If adding SSDs is not an option for you, consider using "Two Way Mirror" (aka RAID10) configuration, this will significantly increase write performance. This maximizes your flexibility in adding capacity to your space, and ensures that the data stripe size is 64KB, which will match the NTFS allocation unit (cluster) size of 64KB that you will use in the next step. I assume the write performance should be a little better than this, right? Parity, on the other hand, must re-compute parity for every write, causing random write performance to suffer. parity spaces have increased resiliency through journaling Performance Take a look at each of the performance Test 1: On Sata drive, if you notice the performance it is with the write of 96MB/s 2. For starters, here’s our benchmark. Then I wiped and started over. I added two 120GB SSD's to the pool and created a new virtual disk. I removed the provisioning type option and added a -usemaximumsize option. Previously created storage spaces will also benefit from these improvements (once the storage pool is upgraded with Update-StoragePool). Hmm, that is weird. I've also read that storage spaces has really poor 'parity' pool performance in past versions of Windows. Should hardwood floors go all the way to wall under kitchen cabinets?

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